2/2018

The SECOND number of Atlantis of 2018 (SUMMER), dedicates the Dossier to the National Revolutions of 1848 (and not only) in Europe with all the implications that they have entangled entailed. In the next issues we will continue with other events with the history that occurred in the years ending in eight.
Continues in this issue, the column on Mondo and Malattie with Malaria, unfortunately returned to current events in Italy.
The country Focus, signed by Domenico Letizia, is dedicated to Albania.
Among the Italian Excellencies in and for the World, space on the Venetian coast with Bibione and a company that is both a hope and a splendid reality for the Venetian and Italian econimy the
From this issue begins the permanent collaboration with the headline Report and Defense directed by his colleague Luca Tatarelli. The themes of international relations, foreign trade, human rights and geopolitics will add important themes in international affairs such as defense and security.

Editorial

From the old liberal international order to the new liberal international order

Carlo Mazzanti

Analysis. Needless to deny the torment of every liberal democratic analyst: is it a return to the thirties of the twentieth century what we are living in the West? The thirties will not be repeated in the same way: we are not yet at that point - said Robert Kagan, conservative commentator, who is about to publish his latest book entitled The jungle grows back. People, however, forget that the post-World War II order was a political (aberrant) exception that relied solely on America to remain cohesive. With Trump we are returning to a world of multipolar competitiveness. It is a very different and far more dangerous world than the one in which we grew up.

The thirties continue to come back more and more to mind for their relevance. Trump’s attempts - and those of European populists - to defeat integration borrow many tactics from that infamous decade. A scenario that passes from unameralism to multilateralism - speaks Vittorio Emanuele Parsi in his recent book Titanic, the sinking of the liberal order - in which the Milanese professor deals with many issues: the relationship between capitalism and democracy, under the wesftaliano and welfariano state, scheme Trump’s isolationist populism, indebted populism and sovereignty sharpened by the tendency towards political and economic inequality of financial globalism (which brings to mind the intervention of Luigino Rossi at our recent Venetian convention in which he thundered: more enterprise less speculative finance). However, many liberal authors are convinced that in this phase of the impetuous wave of rancor (Giuseppe De Rita), the only remedy is the counterbalancing of courageous policies. The international system, in fact, tends to download on the national state systems, the instabilities: economic crises, uncontrolled migratory flows, military costs. The populist reaction brings the unresolved problems from within the national states to the outside and in turn creates instability in the international system where the European Union is the weakest subject. In any case, if Sparta is crying, Athens will not even laugh. And the road to transform individual and then collective rancor is to combine democracy and the market. Putin who brings the retirement age to 65 in a country with male life expectancy of 72 does not enjoy the previous confidence and Xi Jinping himself will have to come to terms with an economic model that is a class of wealthy and one of workers but in half has nothing to do as a social buffer like the middle class. Nobody denies the responsibilities of the elites (as Obama often did, putting them in front of the moral and political obligation not to leave anyone behind as written in the American Marines’ motto) but it is also essential to face the manipulation of the perception of fear and frustration towards the blockade of the social elevator. But how do we fight the populist-sovereignist front? Perhaps waiting patiently and just as calmly to remove the enthusiasm for the clearance of ignorance and see the new elites of the people at work for the people and the people (let alone ...). Placing all the confidence towards the competence and the dlistinzioni of the social roles (economy, services, bureaucracy, defense, security, etc). Re-enacting old but precious concepts of liberal armament: parliamentary democracy is the worst political system with the exception of all others (Churchill) and direct democracy is the premise of Jacobinism and guillotine (Rousseau & Casaleggio jr). Glia antidotes to political poison are: irony, culture, good taste, discretion. An open society that privileges freedom and non-truth is better than a closed (identity) society. For believers (and others) it is recommended to visit Christ Church, the first Episcopal church of the United States of America, founded by Bishop William White, where it is written: to pilgrims of every religion, who visit us, remember that freedom it is divine inspiration and they can stop here to pray and meditate. Freedom not Truth. A healthy nationalism (Galli della Loggia) like the one that led to the construction of liberal states in nineteenth-century Europe is the premise for a weaker political Europe that is aware of the local identities (and interests) and should not be confused with the warlike nationalism. Other antidotes to the threat of sinking the international liberal order (all pursued nationally) are: more education and civicism less laws, equal opportunities based on merit, trust in the future, trust in innovation, trust in young people, more individual responsibility less welfareism corporate, do not hinder the development, plans to not veto against. Only democracy can

to save capitalism from the greed of the capitalists (Marchionne and Zingales). Already the title ... In November the American midterm elections will be held and in 2019 the European parliament will be renewed. A good premise to found the new liberal international order. 

 

 

 

Foreign Policy

Hamas lost

Francesco Ippoliti 

Another protest march against Israel wrecked in the most total absence of the Palestinians.

Another series of violent actions against the people of Israel ended with the death of some hard-working Palestinians, led by a finite, outcast and utopian ideal, such as the destruction of Israel, which only brings death and destruction.

Hamas, Arabic acronym meaning “Movement of Arab resistance” has lost, lost its charisma, ideology and thirst for demand that has animated it for years.

Hamas must lay down its arms and must think of the Palestinian people of Gaza suffering from the blind illusory vision of being able to fight Israel until its destruction.

The Gaza Strip is an area of ​​365 km2 that has over 2.2 million people, 42% of them are unemployed or live by gimmicks, about 40% live in a poverty regime, not that others are much better, and there is a lack of food and water.

The aid comes mainly from humanitarian assistance and in particular from the UN agencies, which pass 250 trucks of primary goods every day from the Rafah crossing. Such aid would be managed by Hamas, in spite of the agreements that included the control by the UN agency for Palestinians UNRWA.

Hamas took control of the Gaza Strip in 2007 when it clashed violently against President Mohamud Abbas’s al-Fatah party, claiming to boost the economy and eradicate the corruption and inefficiency seen so far.

It has an armed, violent and terrorist wing, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades. These are the main protagonists of the threats and violence against Israel. In these brigades there is the operative component, the training component, but above all the technological component, able to develop and improve the missile component, the greatest danger for Tel Aviv.

On March 30th, the Palestinians’ Land Day, Hamas decreed the Palestinian population to rebel against Israel through the “March of Return”. Every Friday, at the end of the prayer, the mass population would have had to go to the borders with Israel and protest until May 15, the day of the “Nakba”, the catastrophe, where Palestinians would have to cross the borders of Israel and return to their homes , left in May 1948. The Palestinians were supposed to rebel and “kick” the Jews out of Palestine.

The result was a painful confrontation of a few hundred people, sometimes a few thousand who were rejected by tear gas from Israeli security forces. Many of the wounded, the few dead who have been there or tried to assault the border barriers or would have had gun battles with the Tel Aviv soldiers, so they are mainly Hamas activists.

Some elements of the Qassam Brigades would also attempt to enter Israel through tunnels dug beneath the border. Widely rejected.

An inglorious manifestation of mere weakness, also assumed with threats to the population if it did not bow to the will of Hamas.

So at the demonstrations on the border with Israel, people animated by a spirit of claim, terrorists, and elements forced by force, but in any case a small percentage of the Palestinian people were noticed.

And the acts did not stop. Hamas continued with provocations and threats.

Hamas has been blamed by its people not to think about the Palestinian people, not to follow a plan of economic and social development, not to be close to the population but to follow their own terrorist purposes even at the cost of seeing innocent victims among its ranks he justifies them considering them as martyrs of jihad.

Hamas claims international aid to continue the fight against Israel and calls for broader support from Arab friends.

To talk about the aid received it should be remembered that various projects have been accepted to help the Palestinian people.

After the conflict in 2014, triggered by the blind vision of Hamas to persistently hit Israel, to remember the kidnapping of the three Israeli soldiers, and receiving a resounding defeat that reduced its country to rubble, price paid exclusively by the Palestinians (2 thousand dead and 10 thousand injured), the international community has allocated 3.5 billion dollars for reconstruction (of which an immediate 450 million euros from the European Union). On 1 March last, the World Bank declared that 2 billion dollars were disbursed of this sum allocated.

Furthermore, last March for the desalination project and therefore to supply drinking water to the entire Gaza Strip, an additional 456 million euros were collected (560 million dollars) of which 77 million euros from the EU alone.

In this regard, the Israeli Defense Minister declared that Israel never opposed international projects for the Gaza Strip, but called on the international community to monitor the use of funds, given that, according to intelligence sources, Hamas has recently invested 260 million dollars for the construction of rockets and tunnels against the Israeli people. Furthermore, Hamas would have the electricity available for its terrorist structures, relegating this benefit to its people within hours.

Interesting is the report by Nickolay Mladenov, the special coordinator for the peace process in the M.O., which briefed the UN Security Council on 23 May on the situation in Gaza.

Begin with declaring that Gaza is on the verge of collapse and that the population is desperate. Emphasizes that we must avoid another war and alleviate suffering to people by referring their responsibilities to the Palestinian Government.

He also declares that Hamas, which has Gaza control, must not use protests to cover its actions to place explosives on border barriers and create provocations, its actions must not be hidden behind peaceful protests and endangering life. of civilians.

It confirms that the structures of Gaza are collapsing, due to the main lack of light and water, which could lead to epidemics.

He points out that IDF, Israeli forces, have since October destroyed 10 tunnels that would have brought terrorist actions to Israel from Gaza.

In the end, however, does not explicitly condemn Hamas for errors of government, in 11 years of power has destroyed Gaza leading its people to despair.

Finally, on June 1, the US vetoed a resolution of Kuwait calling for international protection for Palestinians in Gaza, but declined to mention the role of Hamas currently governing the Gaza Strip. Hamas should also have been condemned for its role and its terrorist physiognomy. The resolution would undermine the credibility of the Security Council, as US Ambassador Haley rightly said.

In summary, Hamas should have the courage to lay down its arms and surrender, surrender to the facts that led the Palestinian people to collapse.

The deaths, the epidemics, the suffering of the Palestinians have only one direction, the hypocritical management of a group of people who do not care about their own people. And there will be no further ways, no further solutions, every compromise will be doomed to fail if Hamas does not retreat, defeated and guilty of many lives lost for an extinct, utopian ideal and presumably just an excuse to justify its ego, hidden also from a dubious vision of religion.

Only the escape of Hamas could bring a glimmer of hope for the Palestinian people, a new horizon, conversely, the collapse will undoubtedly lead to new bloody clashes against the IDF and new destruction, but until the international community is willing to endure ( and finance) the obvious errors of a criminal organization? 

 

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